These are the 10 main problems for which we usually go to the dental office.
Tooth pain is, most of the time, the symptom of a tooth decay or an infection of the gums. In some cases it may also be due to a periodontal abscess or an impacted tooth (a tooth that does not manage to come out or that does it partially, typical of wisdom teeth). If you have a painful tooth, go to your dentist as soon as possible to diagnose the cause of the problem and administer it.
Hypersensitivity in teeth
If your teeth hurt when you drink hot, cold, sweet or sour drinks, you may have dental hypersensitivity. This can be caused by a multitude of causes: a decay, a fractured tooth, a bad impasto, gum disease, worn enamel, a root neck exposed by a recession in the gums, etc. The treatment will depend on the origin of the sensitivity, once the problem is diagnosed, your dentist can explain the treatment options.
Bleeding and inflammation of the gums
Bleeding and inflammation of the gums can be a symptom of gingivitis, which is the earliest and most reversible phase of periodontal disease. It is important to treat gingivitis in time to avoid more serious problems.
The sores in the mouth appear for a multitude of causes, some unimportant others especially serious. They can be infections by bacteria, viruses, fungi, irritations caused by prostheses or oral appliances, they can even be due to oral cancer. Any sore or injury in the mouth that does not go away in two weeks should be examined by your dentist.
Bad breath (halitosis)
Bad breath can be caused by the food you eat, poor oral hygiene, lack of saliva in the mouth, smoking, certain medical conditions, etc. If the bad breath is persistent it can be an indication of periodontal disease. Having good oral hygiene and using dental floss are essential to reduce bad breath and prevent periodontitis. Using a tongue cleaner can help too. The most important thing about a halitosis problem is to differentiate if the origin is oral or for other causes.
There are many factors that can cause these symptoms, which can make your diagnosis complicated. Possible causes include: sinusitis, toothache, injuries, bruxism, periodontitis, alterations in the jaw joint, etc. It is necessary to undergo a complete examination, with radiological examination if necessary, to determine the origin of the pain.
The shortage of saliva in the mouth is usually due to age, a health problem or a secondary effect caused by certain medications or treatments such as chemotherapy or radiotherapy. Saliva is the main defense of the mouth against infections. In addition to its antiseptic and demineralizing effect of the teeth, saliva dilutes the remains of food and neutralizes the acids produced by the bacteria present in the mouth. Without saliva there cannot be a healthy mouth. Your dentist can help you mitigate the effects of a dry mouth.
Poorly positioned teeth
The crowded, crooked or badly positioned teeth can cause many complications in the mouth, apart from the obvious aesthetic problem. An unbalanced denture can cause greater wear on the teeth, alterations in the jaw joint, decreased chewing, increased risk of decay and periodontitis since it is more difficult to clean some areas etc. The appropriate thing is to go to the orthodontist to evaluate your case and propose a treatment plan.
Broken or fissured teeth
A broken or cracked tooth can occur for many reasons: enamel fragility, bruxism, traumatic accident, etc. A fissure may be invisible, even on x-rays, but it can be incredibly painful and cause serious problems if left untreated. If you experience pain when chewing go to your dentist.
Teeth with stains, darkened or yellowish
Your teeth can be dyed or change color. These changes may be due to beverages such as tea and coffee, tobacco, age, genetics, injuries or certain medications. There are several options when it comes to whitening teeth or removing external stains, ask your dentist for confidence.